The main purpose of restorative dentistry is to save the affected tooth.
Restorative dentistry is a basic dental discipline since it aims at prevention and treatment of tooth decay and its consequences, i.e. pulp inflammation, periodontium inflammation, periosteum inflammation, dental focal infections. Restorative dentistry is a dentistry discipline, which deals with the filling of tooth defects, such as fillings, oral hygiene, root fillings. The main purpose of restorative dentistry is to save the affected tooth. If it is a minor damage that does not interfere with the tooth nervous system, these defects can be solved by filling. The type of filling, whether white or amalgam, is determined individually according to the evaluation of all current particularities and also the patient’s desire. In case of severe tooth damage, the root canal treatment – endodontics is approached.
1. Tooth decay
It is one of the most widespread human diseases. In our region, it affects almost the entire population from the very early age. It is a civilization disease because it is related to the changes brought by civilization, especially in the nutrition field. It contains many carbohydrates that create good conditions for proliferation of microorganisms in the oral cavity.
It is projected as the damage of hard tooth tissues by means of their disruption, decay and loss. To cause tooth decay, the presence and interaction of three factors is necessary:
● Sensitive tooth surface
● Cariogenic foods (carbohydrates)
● Amalgam and composite fillings
● Dental sealants, preventative fillings
● Glass-ionomer sealants